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\chapter{Glossary Of Terms}
\markboth{GLOSSARY OF TERMS}{GLOSSARY OF TERMS}
\label{cglo0}
\begin{vworktermglossaryenum}
\item \textbf{cardinality}\index{cardinality}
The cardinality of a set is the
number of elements in the set. In this work, the cardinality
of a set is denoted $n()$. For example,
$n(\{12,29,327\}) = 3$.
\item \textbf{coprime}\index{coprime}
Two integers that share no prime factors are \emph{coprime}.
\emph{Example:}
6 and 7 are coprime, whereas 6 and 8 are not.
\item \textbf{GMP}\index{GMP}
The \emph{G}NU \emph{M}ultiple \emph{P}recision library.
The GMP is an arbitrary-precision integer, rational number,
and floating-point library that places no restrictions on
size of integers or number of significant digits in floating-point
numbers. This
library is famous because it is the fastest of its
kind, and generally uses asymptotically superior algorithms.
\item \textbf{greatest common divisor (g.c.d.)}
The greatest common divisor of two integers is the largest
integer which divides both integers without a remainder.
\emph{Example:} the g.c.d. of 30 and 42 is 6.
\item \textbf{irreducible}
A rational number $p/q$ where $p$ and $q$ are coprime
is said to be \emph{irreducible}.
Equivalently, it may be stated that $p$ and $q$ share no prime factors
or that the greatest common divisor of
$p$ and $q$ is 1.
\item \textbf{KPH}
Kilometers per hour.
\item \textbf{limb}\index{limb}
An integer of a size which a machine can manipulate natively
that is arranged in an array to create a larger
integer which the machine cannot manipulate natively and must be
manipulated through arithmetic subroutines.
\item \textbf{limbsize}\index{limbsize}
The size, in bits, of a limb. The limbsize usually represents
the size of integer that a machine can manipulate directly
through machine instructions. For an inexpensive microcontroller,
8 or 16 is a typical limbsize. For a personal computer or
workstation, 32 or 64 is a typical limbsize.
\item \textbf{MPH}
Miles per hour.
\end{vworktermglossaryenum}
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\noindent\begin{figure}[!b]
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$Revision: 1.2 $
$Author: dashley $
$Date: 2007/06/04 00:26:38 $
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